Shake‐table test performance of an inertial force‐limiting floor anchorage

IIn 2011, the PIs Robert B. Fleischman, Richard Sause, and José I. Restrepo, recruited researchers to work on their vision outlined in the project entitled NEESR: Inertial Force-Limiting Floor Anchorage Systems for Seismic Resistant Building Structures funded by the National Science Foundation (Award No. CMMI-1135033) and the George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation Research (NEESR) program (Award No. CMS-0402490).

A major part of this project was the shake-table test that was conducted at NHERI@UCSD with goal to assess the performance of the inertial force-limiting floor anchorage system. The test was lead by Prof. José I. Restrepo and Prof. Robert B. Fleischman.

Georgios Tsampras as a graduate student at Lehigh University and Prof. Richard Sause contributed to this shake-table test with the development, design, assembly, installation, and monitoring of four friction devices used as the limiting-force hysteretic components along the main direction of the earthquake motion. In addition, they contributed to the construction of the specimen, the post-earthquake inspection of the specimen, and the interpretation of the collected data.

Relevant Publications

Tsampras G., Sause R., Fleischman R. B., Restrepo J. I., Nema A., Zhang Z., Practical force-limiting deformable connections in buildings with rocking base mechanism and limited higher-mode responses. Proceedings of the 12th National Conference in Earthquake Engineering, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Salt Lake City, UT. 2022. (Accepted)

Zhi Zhang, Robert B. Fleischman, José I. Restrepo, Gabrielle Guerrini, Arpit Nema, Dichuan Zhang, Ulina Shakya, Georgios Tsampras, Richard Sause (2018), Shake table test performance of an inertial force-limiting floor anchorage system, Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 47 (10), 1987-2011, doi: 10.1002/eqe.3047

Tsampras, Georgios. “Force-Limiting Floor Diaphragm Connection for Earthquake-Resistant Buildings.” PhD, Lehigh University, 2016.

Fleischman, Robert; Restrepo, Jose; Sause, Richard; Zhang, Dichuan; Tsampras, Georgios; Zhang, Zhi; Nema, Arpit; Shakya, Ulina, (2014), "Half Scale Shake Table Test of a 4 Story Reinforced Concrete Building with Eccentric Shear Walls", DesignSafe-CI [publisher], doi: 10.4231/D39W0908G

Zhi Zhang, Arpit Nema, Gabrielle Guerrini, Ulina Shakya, Georgios Tsampras, Robert Fleischman, José I. Restrepo, Richard Sause, Dichuan Zhang, Joseph Maffei, David Mar, Giorgio Monti (2018), An inertial force limiting floor anchorage system for low-damage building structures, 11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, CA, USA

Robert B. Fleischman, José I. Restrepo, Arpit Nema, Dichuan Zhang, Ulina Shakya, Zhi Zhang, Richard Sause, Georgios Tsampras, Giorgio Monti (2015), Inertial Force-Limiting Anchorage System for Seismic Resistant Building Structures, ASCE Structures Congress, Portland, OR, USA


Principal Investigators

Post-Doctoral Researcher

Doctoral Students


  • NEES@UCSD staff


This research was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant CMMI-1135033, Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation Research (NEESR). Additional support was provided by the Prestressed/Precast Concrete Institute (PCI), the Charles Pankow Foundation, PCI West, Clark Pacific, and the “Fund of Social Development” grant (№КФ-14/03) at the Nazarbayev University. Material and device donations provided by industry partners Star Seismic, MMFX, Davis Wire, DYMAT, JVI Inc., Pleiger Inc., Wire Reinforcement Institute, FYFE, BASF Inc., Gerdau Inc., HRC Inc., Core Slab, Dura Fiber, and Triton Structural Concrete. Engineering and construction services provided by industry partners Midstate Precast, T.B. Penick & Sons, Brewer Crane & Rigging, Atlas Construction Supply, Western Concrete pumping, and Steel City Scaffold. The research team members are grateful for this support. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the research team members and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF or co-funders.